Sunday, February 21, 2016
Two "Hathor-in-the-Marshes" Bowls

Votive Bowl Dedicated to the Goddess Hathor by Lady Nefrether
New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, probably reign of Thutmose III, ca. 14791425 B.C.E.
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Sheikh abd el-Qurna, Tomb of Rekhmire (TT 100)
Bronze or copper alloy, H. including cow: 6 cm (2 3/8 in.); Diam. 22 cm (8 11/16 in.) Theodore M. Davis Collection, Bequest of Theodore M. Davis, 1915, MMA #30.8.67

The first bowl is at the Met Museum. I've chosen to trace the photo of this piece with the flowers to better illustrate how it would have appeared to those using it.

"The interesting bronze *flower bowl of figure 121, found with two others in the forecourt of the tomb of the Vizier Rekhmi-Re, was apparently designed as a votive offering to the goddess Hat-Hor and has as its centerpiece a little bronze figure of the Hat-Hor cow crowned with the solar disk and double plume and raised above the bottom of the bowl on a small metal bridge. When the bowl is partly filled with water and with flowers the animal appears to be standing in the midst of a marshy thicket, reminiscent of the thickets of Chemmis, where Hathor is reported to have nursed the infant Horus..." (William C. Hayes, _The Scepter of Egypt_ Part II, (Metropolitan Museum Press 1959), pages 205-206)

(Horus??? Or Ihy???) Usually Hathor is said to be mother of Ihy, while Isis(Aset) is said to be mother of Horus.

The other bowl is of faience and a bit smaller:

Bowl with Hathor cow in a papyrus marsh
Likely New Kingdom
Faience, height: 4.6cm
Eton College #ECM.1758-2010

Eton College website description:
"Flat based bowl of green faience with parallel sides and flat, slightly everted rim; outside and rim decorated with linear design in black, inside edge with petals and inside base with the Hathor cow advancing right in a papyrus marsh"

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