Wood, painted, 16 in. (40.6 cm) Base: 2 3/16 x 7 x 11 1/2 in. (5.6 x 17.8 x 29.2 cm)
Late Period-Ptolemic Period, Ca 664-30 B.C.
Provenance not known, Brooklyn Museum 11.681,
Gift of Colonel Robert B. Woodward
Photo © Joan Lansberry, May 2008-2016

"traditional hieroglyphic spelling of Nephthys's name", page 45

Jessica Lévai in her dissertation, _Aspects of the Goddess Nephthys_ says of her name:

"The original meaning was probably tied to royalty and the king. For that reason, it is likely that Nephthys's name and origin are royal, and her name may mean something like 'Mistress of the Palace.'" (page 45)

Lévai summarizes:
"Nephthys began her existence with her sister Isis, and together the two formed a model for the dualities inherent in all aspects of ancient Egypt. They remained a pair throughout Egyptian history. Both with her sister and independently, Nephthys's intimate ties to royalty gave her the authority to be a source of royal power, and her identification with the uraeus made her into a fiery goddess who could be called upon to destroy the enemies of the king. She has these characteristics in common with such dangerous goddesses as Tefnut and Hathor, though there is no specific myth about Nephthys being destructive.

"Plutarch called Nephthys Nike. Possibly this had to do with her identifications with the Egyptian goddess Neith or the Asiatic goddess Anat, both of whom shared certain characteristics with Nephthys. It may also have been a question of a direct identification: Nephthys identified with Nike on account of her warlike aspects, or her wings. But as Nike was less a goddess than a figure who embodied the concept of victory, her importance was derived from her associations with other gods. Thus it may be Nephthys's ties to powerful gods, such as Seth, that fueled this identification." (pages 68-69)